Saturday, April 19, 2014

Centennial Period International Surface Post Card Rates (1968 -1971)

Dozens of posts dealing with the Canadian Centennial definitive issue (1967 - 1973) have been published in the nearly four years Postal History Corner has been on-line. The original post dealing with international surface letter rates was published on June 9, 2010.

[Note: U.S. rates are not included in this article]
 
1. Rate structure

There were two international surface post card rate destinations in effect during the Centennial period: :
  • Destinations to which UPU Rates Applied
  • Destinations to which Preferential Rates AppliedGreat Britain and places within the Commonwealth, Republic of Ireland, France, Spain, countries of North, Central and South America, and West Indies.
The higher UPU rates applied to countries which were not given preferential status.

2. Rate Periods

Period 1 : to October 31, 1968
Period 2 : from November 1, 1968 to June 30, 1971
Period 3 : from July 1, 1971


Period 1 : to October 31, 1968

 Standard UPU Rate

The UPU surface post card rate was 6 cents. The 6 cent rate came into effect on January 1, 1966. This is one of the most difficult postal rates to find.

Netherlands

Calgary to s'Gravenhage, July 13, 1967
6 cents UPU surface post card rate

 Germany

 Waterloo to Frankfurt, September 18, 1968
6 cents UPU surface post card rate

 Meter paying the 6 cent rate


Insufficiently Paid

Sweden

Guelph to Katrineholm, Sweden, July 8, 1968
6 cents UPU surface post card rate
Shortpaid 2 cents
Canada Tax Fraction : 4/10
Swedish postage due : 30 ore


 Ethiopia


 Expo 67 Montreal to Addi Ababa, October (?), 1967
6 cents UPU surface post card rate
1 cent shortpaid
Canada Tax Fraction : 2/10
No indication that Ethiopian post office charged the addressee

Hungary


Beloeil, Quebec, to Budapest, September 12, 1967
6 cents UPU surface post card rate
Shortpaid 1 cent
Canada Tax Fraction : 2/10
Hungarian postage due : 40 filler


Greece

 Halifax to Athens, May 4, 1968
Air mail service requested (manuscript)
Probably not noticed, but would have been sent by surface mail because it was insufficiently franked for air mail service
6 cents UPU surface post card rate
Shortpaid 2 cents and large Canadian T 4/10
No indication that Greek post office charged addressee postage due

An unusual Canadian T marking


Preferential Rate

The international preferential surface post card rate was 4 cents which had been in effect since April 1, 1954.

Great Britain

 Expo 67 to Ilford, August 9, 1967
4 cents preferred surface post card rate to Great Britain


Niagara Falls to London, June 5, 1968
4 cents preferred surface post card rate to Great Britain


Guelph to Oxford, October 25, 1968
4 cents preferred surface post card rate to Great Britain


b) Period 2 : from November 1, 1968 to June 30, 1971

UPU Rate

The UPU surface post card rate was increased from 6 cents to 7 cents on November 1, 1968. The international surface letter rate was increased from 10 cents to 12 cents on November 1, 1968.

I do not have a fully paid 7 cent surface post card to show. It is a very scarce rate. The examples shown below are all insufficiently prepaid with Canadian tax fractions.

Poland

 Niagara Falls to Warsaw, March 16, 1970
7 cents UPU surface post card rate
Shortpaid 1 cent and taxed 2/12
No indication that Polish post office charged the addressee postage due

Greece

 Windsot to Athens, August 31, 1970
7 cents UPU surface post card rate
Shortpaid 1 cent and taxed 2/12
No indication that Greek post office charged the addressee postage due


 Jugoslavia

Toronto to Zagreb, August 30, 1970
7 cents UPU surface post card rate
Shortpaid 1 cent and taxed 2/12
Jugoslavian postage due 0.40 dinars

 Switzerland

 Powell River to Lausanne, Switzerland, May 17, 1971
7 cents UPU surface post card rate
Shortpaid 1 cent and Canada tax fraction 2/12
Swiss tax was 10 centimes

Hungary

Vancouver to Budapest, May 9, 1969
7 cents UPU surface post card rate
Unpaid : Canada Tax Fraction 14/12
Hungarian postage due 2 forint (the Hungarian international post card rate)


Italy

The post card shown below was shortpaid for air conveyance. 6 cents paid 60% of the 10 cents air mail rate. Since 75% prepayment was required, the card was sent by surface mail (7 cents).

Toronto to Pavina, May 28, 1969
Shortpaid for air conveyance and sent by surface mail at 7 cent UPU surface rate
Shortpaid 1 cents and Canada tax fraction 2/12 applied
No indication that the Italian post office charged the addressee postage due


Preferential Rate

The international preferential surface post card rate was increased from 4 cents to 6 cents for on November 1, 1968.

Halifax to York, March 9, 1970
6 cents preferential surface post card rate


Kitchener to Lisburn, Northern Ireland, May 25, 1971
6 cents preferential surface post card rate


From July 1, 1971

On July 1, 1971 the surface post card rates were abolished. The post card rate to all destinations was now 10 cents, the same as the air mail rate. The international letter rate  to all destinations was changed to  15 cents for the 1st ounce, eliminating the surface letter rate for items less than 8 ounces in weight.

Sweden

 Quebec to Orebro, July 6, 1971
10 cents international post card rate

Great Britain

Calgary to London, October 1, 1973
10 cents international post card rate

 Insufficiently paid

Hong Kong

 Winnipeg to Hong Kong, October 13, 1972
10 cents international post card rate
Shortpaid 5 cent : Canadian tax fraction 10/15
No indication that Hong Kong post office charged the addressee postage due

Great Britain

 Wellington to Douth Benfield, England, July 17, 1973
10 cents international post card rate
Shortpaid 2 cents
British tax 2p

Friday, April 18, 2014

Centennial Period (1967 - 1971) International Surface Letter Rates

 Dozens of posts dealing with the Canadian Centennial definitive issue (1967 - 1973) have been published in the nearly four years Postal History Corner has been on-line. The original post dealing with international surface letter rates was published on June 9, 2010.

There were two international surface letter rate destinations (excluding the United States) in effect during the 1967 - 1971 Centennial period:
  • Destinations to which standard UPU rates applied
  • Destinations to which lower preferential rates applied : Great Britain and places within the Commonwealth, Republic of Ireland, France, Spain, countries of North, Central and South America, and West Indies.



Period 1 : to October 31, 1968

Standard UPU Rate

The standard rate international surface letter rate was 10 cents for the first ounce and 7 cents for each added ounce. The 10 cent rate had been in effect since December 1, 1966.

Sweden

 Calgary to Vaenersborg, Sweden, November 30, 1967
10 cents UPU surface letter rate

 Switzerland

Scarborough to Pfaffikon, Switzerland, November 13, 1971
10 cents UPU surface letter rate

Insufficiently Paid Mail

In 1966, the centimes method indicating the postage due for international mail was replaced by a "tax fraction" (Vienna Convention) system. Insufficiently paid letters were marked with a "T" and a fraction. The numerator was double the amount shortpaid, and the denominator was the country of origin's international single letter rate. The receiving office multiplied the fraction by its international letter rate to calculate the amount due in the receiving office's currency.

Sweden

 Toronto to Stockholm, November 15, 1967
10 cents UPU letter rate
Shortpaid 5 cents 
 Canadian Tax Fraction :




Swedish Calculation and Postage Due:

The Swedish international letter rate was 70 ore which was multiplied by the tax fraction, 10/10, to obtain the amount due in Swedish ore:

Swedish postage due label and stamp paying amount due (cancelled December 12, 1967)


Netherlands


 Edmonton to The Hague, July 25, 1968
10 cents UPU surface letter rate - underpaid 5 cents
Canadian tax fraction 10/10
Dutch postage due : 45 cents

s'Gravenhage postage due meter 45 cents

 Denmark

 Vancouver to Kalundborg February 19, 1968
10 cents UPU surface letter rate - underpaid 4 cents
Canadian tax fraction 8/10
Danish postage due : 80 ore

Switzerland


Toronto to Zurich, June 25, 1968
10 cents UPU surface letter rate - underpaid 4 cents
Canadian tax fraction 8/10
Swiss postage due : 40 cents


Ville-de-Laval to Switzerland, June 14, 1968
10 cents UPU surface letter rate - unpaid
Canadian tax fraction 20/10
Swiss postage due : 100 cents 

 Canadian tax fraction

Belgium

The cover below was marked "Printed Matter" but was sealed and taxed as an underpaid letter.

Oakville to Bois-d'Haim, February 5, 1968
10 cents UPU surface letter rate - underpaid 5 cents
Canadian tax fraction 10/10
Belgian postage due : 6 francs

South Africa

Victoria to Capetown, August 22, 1968
10 cents UPU surface letter rate - underpaid 5 cents
Canadian tax fraction 10/10
South African postage due : 5 cents

 Preferential Rate

The international preferential surface letter rate was 5 cents for the first ounce and 3 cents for each additional ounce. The 5 cents letter rate was introduced on April 1, 1954.

Malaysia

Creston to Penang, Malaysia, August 19, 1968
5 cents preferential Commonwealth surface letter rate

Great Britain

Victoria to Cambridge, England, February 28, 1967
5 cents preferential surface letter rate to Great Britain

Australia

Burlington to Sydney, Australia, October 16, 1968
5 cents preferential Commonwealth surface letter rate

Insufficiently Paid

Great Britain

Montreal to London, March 13, 1968
5 cents preferential surface letter rate to Great Britain
Shortpaid 1 cent
Canadian tax fraction : 2/10
British Postage Due : 3d. (the minimum amount charged)


Period 2 : November 1, 1968 to June 30, 1971

Standard UPU Rate

On November 1, 1968, The UPU surface letter rate was increased from 10 cents to 12 cents for the first ounce and 7 cents for each additional ounce.

Germany

 Winnipeg to Nurnberg, May 6, 1969
12 cents UPU surface letter rate

Belgium

Montreal to Brussels, January 29 1971
12 cents UPU surface letter rate

Iran


Ottawa to Rezaieh, Iran, June 26,1970
12 cent UPU surface letter rate


Insufficiently Prepaid

Austria

Vancouver to Klosterneuburg. December 30, 1968
12 cents UPU surface letter rate
Shortpaid 6 cents



Denmark

 Montreal to Copenhagen, November 27, 1968
12 cents UPU surface letter rate
Shortpaid 6 cents : Canadian tax fraction 12/12
 

Danish postage due 90 ore


Sweden

 Toronto to Stockholm, June 29, 1970
12 cents UPU surface letter rate
Shortpaid 6 cents

Canadian tax fraction

Swedish  70 ore postage due label and stamp paying amount due


German Federal Republic

Winnipeg to Nurenberg, June 16, 1970
12 cent UPU surface letter rate
6 cents shortpaid and Canadian tax fraction 12/12 applied
West German postage due 50 pfennig (blue crayon); Germany did not print postage due labels


Luxembourg

Cobourg to Remich, July 12, 1969
12 cents UPU surface letter rate
Shortpaid 6 cents
Canadian tax fraction : 12/12
Luxembourg due : 6 francs

South Africa

Peterborough to Benoni Transvaal, February 24, 1969
12 cents UPU surface letter rate
Shortpaid 3 cents




Preferential Rate

The international preferential surface letter rate was increased from 5 cents to 6 cents for the first ounce and 4 cents for each additional ounce on November 1, 1968.

Great Britain

Lakefield to Croydon, England, December 19, 1969
6 cents preferential surface letter rate to Great Britain

Australia

Winnipeg to Canberra, Australia, November 26, 1969
6 cents preferential surface letter rate to Commonwealth countries


Insufficiently Prepaid

Great Britain

Toronto to Salisbury, England, November 19, 1968
6 cents preferential surface letter rate to Great Britain
Shortpaid 1 cent : Canadian tax 2/12
British postage due : 3d. (the minimum amount charged)


From July 1, 1971 : "All-Up" air mail


On July 1 1971, the international air mail letter rate to all countries (excluding the U.S.) was set at 15 cents per ounce. More significantly, the surface and air mail rates for items up to 8 ounces to all destinations were the same, effectively eliminating the surface letter rate for items weighing up to 8 ounces.

Whitehorse to Westminster, England, August 21, 1971
The letter rate to all international destinations (except the United States) for the first ounce was 15 cents.

Surface Rates

(Up to 8 oz., letters were conveyed by air)
Rates per item:

i)1 oz. or less------------------------ .15
ii) more than 1 oz. but
not more than 2 oz.------------------.30
iii)more than 2 oz. but
not more than 4 oz.------------------.40
iv) more than 4 oz. but
no more than 8 oz.-------------------.90
v) more than 8 oz.
but no more than 1 lb.--------------1.60
vi) more than 1 lb.
but no more than 2 lbs.-------------2.65
viii) more than 2 lbs
but no more than 4 lbs.-------------4.25
Air Mail Rates

For air mail letters weighing more than 8 ounces there were two rate destinations (excluding the USA):

  • Great Britain, Northern Ireland, Republic of Ireland, Europe, Bermuda, Mexico, Central and South America, West Indies:
v) more than 8 oz. but
not more than 12 oz.----------------2.00
vi)more than 12 oz. but
not more than 1 lb.------------------2.80
vi) each additional 4 oz.
or fraction thereof--------------------.80

  • All other countries
v) more than 8 oz. but
not more than 12 oz.----------------3.50
vi)more than 12 oz. but
not more than 1 lb.------------------4.50
vi) each additional 4 oz.
or fraction thereof-------------------1.40